Saturday, December 26, 2009

Singapore Polymer Note - Additional Square Dot

It is observed that there is an additional feature on the latest polymer notes that issued by the Monetary Authority of Singapore. Noted that there is a square dot underneath the wording "Sports" at the reverse of the following notes. For this particular $10 note, three varieties are observed. The initial issuance was without any square dot, but the subsequent issuance notes are with one square dot and two square dots.

The reason for having this feature has yet been clarified by the relevant authority. It is believed that the square dot is to differential the various printing made at different time. This square dot feature is also observed on other denominations.

Additional square dot is observed at the reverse of the note, underneath the wording. For instant, the square dot located underneath the word Sports for $10 Polymer Note.

Saturday, December 12, 2009

Thai - 9th Series Banknote

The 9th series of Thai banknote consists of six denominations that include 50 Satang, 1 Baht, 5 Baht, 10 Baht, 20 Baht and 100 Baht. This series of banknote has been circulating for more than 20 years. There are five different types of note for each denomination due to different years of issuance.

Except for 50 Satang, all the front note features the portrait of King Rama IX with the images of different building or places such as the Phra Samut Chedi, the Phra Pathom Chedi, the Mahakarn Fortress and the Golden Mountain Stupa at the middle of the note. The back of the note depicts the Royal Anantasamakom Throne Hall.

The front of 50 Satang features the constitution on the pedestal tray in the middle under the Garuda and the Ayarapot (three headed elephant) at the right bottom corner. The back depicts an image of the Phra Samut Chedi.

50 Satang

1 Baht

5 Baht

10 Baht

20 Baht

100 Baht

Thai - 10th Series Banknote

There is only one type of note in 10th Series i.e. 100 Baht which was issued on 16 May 1968. The main reason of issuing this 100 Baht note was due to discovery of counterfeit note of 100 Baht of the 9th Series which was issued from 1947 to 1957.

The government of Thai decided to issue a new series of multi colored 100 Baht with an intaglio printed portrait in dark blue compared the the earlier series of 100 Baht note which was only printed in red color. To make the counterfeiting more difficult, this series of banknote embedded with security thread printed with microlettering Thailand at intervals.

This 100 Baht note was issued on 16 May 1968 and was printed by Thomas de la Rue. The front features the portrait of King Rama IX in the uniform of the Supreme Commander of the Armed Forces. The back depicts the Suphannahongs Royal Barge.

Thai - 11th Series Banknote

The 11th Series of Thai banknote consists of five denominations namely 5 Baht, 10 Baht, 20 Baht, 100 Baht and 500 Baht. This series of banknote was issued started from the lowest denomination of 5 Baht in June 1969 to the highest denomination of 500 Baht in July 1975. The 500 Baht was printed for the first time by Bank of Thailand.

One of the interesting fact of this series of banknote is the involvement of the Note Printing Works which had begun their operations with the printing of banknotes in 1969. The Note Printing Works had managed to get through the whole production process, including the designing and engraving. But, the initial stage of its operation did rely on the foreign experts especially in producing the printing plates with joint effort from the Fine Arts Department particularly in unique Thai characteristics.

I personally like this series of the note because of the unique images depicted at the back of the notes. The images are so fine and truly reflect the Thai culture.

5 Baht

This 5 Baht note was issued in 24 June 1969. The front features the portrait of King Rama IX and the back depicts the Arphonphimoke Prasat Pavilion.

10 Baht

This 10 Baht note was issued on 24 June 1969. The front features the King Rama IX and the back depicts the ordination hall of the Marble Temple.

20 Baht

This 20 Baht note was issued on 9 June 1971. The front features the King Rama IX and the back depicts the Anantanagaraj Royal Barge.

100 Baht

This 20 Baht note was issued on 5 October 1972. The front features the King Rama IX and the back depicts the Temple of the Emerald Buddha.

500 Baht

This 500 Baht note was issued on 18 July 1975. The front features the King Rama IX and the back depicts the Phra Prang Sam Yod in Lopburi.

Sunday, November 1, 2009

The Melion

One of the features that you do not want to miss if you travel to Singapore is the statue of Merlion. Merlion is an imaginary creature with the head of a lion and the body of a fish. Its name was created with the combination of "mer" and "lion" in which the "mer" carries a meaning of the sea. It is believed that the the fish body came from a fishing village of Temasek, a "sea town" according to Javanese language and the lion head represents the original name of Singapore, meaning of "lion city" or "kota singa" in Sanskrit and Malay languages.

This unique Merlion statue was used as a feature and depicted on the 2nd Series of Singaporean banknote - Ship Series. It is illustrated on the upper right corner of $5 reverse note.

The Merlion depicted ont the upper right corner of $5 Singapore note.

There are many statues of Merlion in Singapore. During my recent revisit to Singapore, I was able to snap the photos of two statues of Merlion located in Merlion park near the Singapore's Central Business District (CBD) and also located in Sentosa Island.

The Merlion statue at Merlion Park, Singapore

The Merlion statue at Sentosa Island, Singapore

Saturday, September 19, 2009

Malaysia, Brunei & Singapore Coins and Paper Money Catalogue

This is one of the earliest catalogue on Malaysia, Singapore and Brunei Coins and Paper Money by International Stamp & Coin Co. Ltd. which was published in 1985. This catalogue consists of two parts : Part One covers the coins from British North Borneo, British Trade Dollars, Brunei, Malaya, Malaya & British Borneo, Malaysia, Penang, Sarawak, Singapore and Straits Settlements. The Part Two of this catalogue provides the information of paper money that includes Asian Japanese Occupation (Burma, Malaya, Netherland East Indies, Oceania, Philippines), British North Borneo, Brunei, Malaya, Malaya & British North Borneo, Malaya Private Paper Currency, Rubber Export Coupons, Sawarak, Singapore and Straits Settlement.

This catalogues has a total of 168 pages and it was printed in black and white. All the coins and paper money listed in this catalogue is tagged with an estimated price which was based on current marker price. This is one of the earlier method that collectors can buy coins and paper money through a dealer. Unlike the modern technology now which the internal access is so common and advance that allow one to browse through and purchase from any dealer within few minutes.

The newer edition of this catalogue is also available in the market with the latest and updated information of Malaysia, Singapore & Brunei coins and paper money.

The cover of Standard Catalogue of Malaysia, Singapore and Brunei Coins and Paper Money 1985 by International Stamp & Coin Co. Ltd.

Part of the content of Standard Catalogue of Malaysia, Singapore and Brunei Coins and Paper Money 1985

Saturday, September 12, 2009

Bunga Bangkai or Corpse Flower

This 1982 series of 500Rp Indonesian banknote features Bunga Bangkai or Corpse Flower (Amorphophallus titanum), one of the flowering plants with the largest unbranched inflorescence in the world. In other words, it is the largest flower with cluster of flowers arranged on the stem that is composed on a main branch. Of course many recognise the Rafflesia as the world number one flower. Indeed, Rafflesia is the largest single flower in the world.

The local name of Bunga Bangkai or Corpse Flower was named in such the way that Bunga means flower and Bangkai means corpse. The flower name was adopted mainly due to fragrance which is reminiscent of the smell of a decomposing mammal. It was originally found in the tropical forests of Sumatra, Indonesia. One interesting of this flower is that it can grow up the 3 meters or 10 feet height.

500 Rp issued in 1982 features the Corpse flower or Titan arum

The tropical forest of Southeast Asia is home to many flora and fauna that you can only see them in this part of planet. Many of them are already classified as endangered species and protected by the local government or international organizations.

Sunday, September 6, 2009


This is 1992 series of 500Rp Indonesian banknote that features an Orangutan, one of the intelligent great apes in the world. Orangutan is one of the endangered species of great apes and can only be found in rainforest of Sabah and Sarawak of Malaysia and also Kalimantan and Sumatra of Indonesia.

The origin of Orangutan name indeeds is derived from the Indonesian and Malays words in which the Orang means 'person' and Utan or Hutan means 'forest'. Thus, the local people name this great apes as 'person of the forest' mainly due to its similarity of outlook to human being. The fact is this great apes are our closest relatives in the animal world, sharing 97% of same DNA with us - human being.

The 500Rp banknote issued on 28 December 1992 features an Orang Utan.

A typical Orangutan can reach up to standing height of 1.2 to 1.5 meters with the body weight of 33 to 82 kilograms. Their lifespan is about 35 to 40 years in wild habitat. In view of the endangered situation of this great apes, there are already many organisations out there are so dedicated to the conservation of Orangutan and their natural rainforest home. We should support all of them by all mean.

Komodo Dragon

This is an Indonesian banknote printed in 1957 that features a Komodo Dragon, one of the biggest lizards in the world. It can grow up to 2 to 3 meter long with the body weight of around 70 kilogram. This species of lizard inhabits in Komodo, Rinca, Flores Island of Indonesia. It is so huge that the local people would have called them as dragon - Komodo Dragon.

Komodo dragon is now protected under Indonesian law and the government has even set up a Komodo National Park to protect them. Komodo National Park consists of the three larger islands of Komodo, Rinca and Padar which are the volcanic origin. The national park was named as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1998. Besides its appearance in the banknote, the Komodo Dragon also use to feature in Rp50 Indonesian coins.

A 1957 Indonesian Banknote features a Komodo Dragon

Saturday, August 15, 2009

Indonesia - Rp2000 Banknote (2009 Series)

On 9 July 2009, Bank of Indonesia launched new banknote with the denomination of 2000 Rupiah. Inherited from its 2004 to 2005 series, this Rp2000 banknote adopts the theme of national hero during the nation's struggle for independence in which the portrait of national hero were depicted on the obverse of the notes.

2000 Rupiah Banknote issued by Bank of Indonesia on 9 July 2009

The front features Pangeran Antasari, a national hero from Banjarmasin of South Kalimantan. The back features a traditional Dayak dance performed by a group of Dayak. Similar to the earlier issuance, this Rp2000 also come with uncut banknote in 2 pieces, 4 pieces and 50 pieces.

2000 Rupiah Uncut Banknote of 2009 Series

Sunday, August 9, 2009

Sultan Omar Ali Saifuddin Mosque

One of the unique and landmark in Bandar Seri Begawan, capital city of Brunei, is the Sultan Omar Ali Saifuddin Mosque. It is a royal Islamic mosque that represents the most spectacular mosques in the Southeast Asia. It is such an important icon that the first and second series of Brunei banknotes have use it to feature the reverse side of the banknotes.

The Sultan Omar Ali Saifuddin Mosque appears features at the back of 1st and 2nd Series of Brunei banknote.

The mosque was named after the 28th Sultan of Brunei, Sultan Omar Ali Saifuddin, the late father of Sultan Hassanal Bolkiah who is the Sultan and Yang Di-Pertuan or King of Brunei Darussalam. The building was completed in 1958 and is an impressive example of modern Islamic architecture.

The architect of this mosque is an Italian and many architectural elements of the mosque has been heavily influenced by both Islamic and Italian styles. The mosque consists of marble minarets and golden domes with courtyards and fertile gardens filled with fountains. The mosque is circulated by a plethora of trees and floral gardens which in Islam it is considered as an interpretation of heaven.

You will neer want to miss this when your visit to the Brunei Darussalam.

Thai Banknote - Different Types of 15th Series

There are three denominations namely 50 Baht, 100 Baht and 1000 Baht consist of different types within the same series in the 15th Series of Thai Banknote. The 50 Baht was first issued in polymer note in 1997 and was later changed to paper note in 2004. No much change in term of the design of the note itself.

On the other hand, the 15th Series of 100 Baht note was first issued in 2004 with the monument of their Majesties King Rama V and King Rama VI features at the back of the banknote. However, the subsequent issuance of the same denomination note in 2005 has adopted the portrait of King Rama V in the Royal naval uniform at the reverse side of the note. The front design of these notes remain the same.

Type 1 of 100 Baht with the monument of their Majesties King Rama V and King Rama VI

Type II of 100 Baht with the portrait of King Rama V in the Royal naval uniform

Also, having two types of notes within the same series is the 1000 Baht note. The initial 1000 Baht banknote was issued in 1999, the earliest paper note issued in this series, without the hologram foil stripe. However, when it was reintroduced 6 years latter i.e. 2005 the hologram foil stripe has been added to the front of the note due to security enhancement.

15th Series - Type I of 1000 Baht without hologram foil stripe

15th Series - Type II of 1000 Baht with hologram foil stripe