Sunday, August 31, 2008

Singapore Banknotes - Bird Series (2nd Series)

The second series or Bird series of Singapore Banknotes was introduced from 1976 to 1984 to replace the first Orchid series. This series of banknote consists of denomination of $1, $5, $10, $20, $50, $100, $500, $1,000 and $10,000. The birds display on the front notes depict their strength, adaptability and independence which characterize the young Republic of Singapore with the potential of soaring to greater heights in its progress. Architectural landscape show on the bottom of the notes depict the progress development towards developed nation. The back of the notes feature vaious occasions or places in the country.

$1





This $1 was introduced on 6 August 1976. The FRONT features the Black-naped Tern bird. The BACK features the Singapore National Day parade.

$5


This $5 note was introduced on 6 August 1976. The FRONT features Red-whiskered Bulbul bird. The BACK features the cable cars and aerial view of the harbour.
$10


This $10 note was introduced on 6 August 1976. The FRONT features the White-collared Kingfisher bird. The BACK features the garden city with high rise public housing.

$20



This $20 note was introduced on 6 August 1979. The FRONT features the Yellow-breasted Sunbird. The BACK features the Changi International Airport Complex with the Concorde in the foreground.
$50




This $50 note was introduced on 6 August 1976. The FRONT features the White-rumped Shama bird. The BACK features a traditional school band on parade.

$100




This $100 note was introduced on 1 February 1977. The FRONT features the Blue-throated Bee-eater bird. The BACK features a group dancers from various ethnic groups performing their traditional dances.

Singapore Banknotes - Ship Series (3rd Series)

The third series of Singapore banknotes use the maritime vessels or ships as the theme design. This series of banknotes were introduced from 1984 to 1999 with all together nine denominations i.e. $1, $2, $5, $10, $50, $100, $500, $1000 and $10000. The front of each denomination features the vessels that have plied the waters of Singapore over the centuries. They progressively show the development of Singapore's maritime heritage through various kind of vessels. In fact, the maritime vessels theme is to mark Singapore shipping development from an entrepot trading center to one of the busiest ports in the world.

$1


This $1 note was first introduced on 12 January 1987. The FRONT features a "San Chuan" or trading ship in the center and the Singapore Arms at the top left corner. The fish located at bottom right is Cyprinus carpio or Chinese carp. The BACK features the Satellite Earth Station located at Sentosa Island.

$2





This $2 note was introduced on 28 January 1991 in red color as the background. It was soon replaced by the purple color as shown below. This was the first $2 note that introduced by Singapore government. However, due to its similarity in color with the $10 note it has created confusion among the Singaporean. It was later replaced with purple color to avoid confusion. The FRONT features a ship named "Tongkang" and a rising sun to the right of main design. The BACK features different ethnic groups participating in Chingay procession.



The revised $2 was introduced 16 December 1991 to replace the red color $2 note. All designs and features remain unchanged.

$5




This $5 note was introduced on 21 August 1989. The FRONT features the "Twakow" ship and a Chinese lion with a ball in the center panel. A type of fish called Commerson's Anchovy or Stolephorus commersonii is depict on the bottom right corner. The BACK features the view of the PSA Container Terminal.

$10




This $10 note was introduced on 1 March 1988. The FRONT features the barter trading vessel called "Palari" and a phoenix was located at the center panel. Round Scad or Decapterus Macrosoma type of fish also shown in the bottom right corner. The BACK features the view of public housing generally developed in Singapore.

$50




The $50 was introduced 9 March 1987. The FRONT features a Coaster vessel named "Perak" r silver and a pair of Mandarin ducks are displayed in the center panel. The bottom right corner shows the fish of Six-banded grouper or Epinephelus Sexfasciatus (Valenciennes). The BACK features the bird's-eye view of Benjamin Sheares Bridge located in Singapore.
$100


This $100 note was introduced on 1 August 1985. The FRONT features a Passenger liner "Chusan" and a Chinese crane in the center panel. A fish type of Slender shad or Ilisha elongata is displayed in the bottom right corner. The BACK features the bird's-eye view of Singapore Changi Airport.

Tuesday, August 26, 2008

Thai Banknote - The Queen’s 6th Cycle Birthday Anniversary

This is another Thai banknote with rich colour design. This 100 Baht banknote was issued on 12th August 2004 by Bank of Thailand to commemorate the auspicious occasion of Her Majesty the Queen’s 6th cycle birthday anniversary and to honour Her Majesty’s kindness in dedicating not only her physical and mental energy but also her personal funds for well-being of the nation and her people.


The front cover of the Thai's Queen 6th Cycle Birthday Anniversary

Throughout the 54 years as the Queen, Her Majesty has been at the King’s side to perform royal duties, constantly providing moral support an tirelessly sharing all the royal responsibility. Many royal projects were launched by Her Majesty to relieve hardship of the people as well as to improve their standard of living. Under Her Majesty’s royal patronage and chairmanship, Foundation for the Promotion of Supplementary Occupations and Related Techniques or SUPPORT, was founded. Many SUPPORT project centers were also set up throughout the country to provide training in artworks and handicrafts such as nielloware, gold, silver handicraft, ‘yan lipao’ basketry, and cloth-weaving namely Silk, Chok and Phrae Wa. Moreover, Her Majesty also pays special attention to quality of SUPPORT products and often gives advice and encouragement for product improvement. Taking the lead in using SUPPORT products, Her Majesty also promotes the SUPPORT handicrafts both at home and abroad, thus helping to supplement farmers’ basic income as well as preserving the Thai cultural heritage.

Another major royal duty is preservation and development of natural resources and environment. Her Majesty initiated many project such as the “Forest-Loves-Water” Project and the “Little House in the Big Forest” Project to rehabilitate deteriorated forests and conserve wild animals as well as to provide land and occupations for impoverished farmers. Other royal projects include the settle up of research stations for breeding wild animals and marine turtle of various projects.

The commemorative banknote is 72mm x 162mm in size, with the number 72 meaning 72nd birthday of Her Majesty and the sum of “7+2” or “1+6+2” is 9, signifying the ninth king of the Chakri Dynasty.

The banknote paper, incorporated with mould-made three-dimensional multi-tone watermark, depicts the portrait of HM the Queen that becomes clearly visible when holding the banknote against the light. Under ultraviolet light, the invisible fibres will become blue and yellow luminescence as the alphabetical codes and serial number, printed with special ink, will turn into luminescent blue.


This Thai commemorative banknote uses the portrait design and two different colors on its obverse and reverse background


The main elements on the front of the banknote are the portrait of HM the King in the uniform of the Supreme Commander of the Armed Forces and Charki Dynasty Royal Robe, wearing the Most illustrious Order of the Royal House of Chakri and the chain of Knight Grand Cordon (Special Class) of the Most Illustrious Order of Chula Chom Klao, and the portrait of HM the Queen in Thai Sivalai with tiara wearing the Most Illustrious Order of the Royal House of Chakri, Pendant of Dame Grand Cross (First Class) of the Most Illustrious Order of Chula Chom Kiao, and King Bhumibol Adulyadej’s Royal Cypher Medal (Rama IX) (First Class). Accompanying drawings are the King’s monogram in Thai letters “Phor Por Ror” and the Royal Garuda Emblem. The background colour is golden brown. The Thai denomination “100”, printed with optically variable intaglio ink (OVI), changes from gold into green when view at angle.

All the banknotes will carry the Thai alphabetical code prefixed with Thai number 9 to give significance to His Majesty as King Rama IX, followed by Thai Serial numbers 0000001 to 7299999.

The main element on the back of the banknote is the portrait of HM the Queen wearing tiara and Thai Chakri outfit decorated with the Ancient and Auspicious Order of the Nine Gems, and King Bhumibol Adulyadej’s Royal Cypher Medal (Rama IX) (First Class). Accompanying drawings are the pictures of the investiture ceremony of HM the Queen, the portrait of her Majesty holding the eldest daughter Princess Uboi Ratana, the picture of SUPPORT products, the pictures of elephants and forest, the Royal Crest Commemorating the Celebrations on the Auspicious Occasion of Her Majesty the Queen’s 6th Cycle Birthday Anniversary 12th August 2004, Thai art design, and the Rose “Queen Sirikit”, Cattleya “Queen Sirikit”, and Dona “Queen Sirikit”. The background colour is blue, which signifies HM Queen’s birthday colour.

Banknote Specification

Dimension : Width 72mm; Length 162mm
Number of Prints : 7,299,999 Notes
Date of Issue : 4 August 2004
Printing House : Note Printing Works, Bank of Thailand


Monday, August 25, 2008

Thai Banknote - King 80th Birthday Anniversary

I bought this unique and beautiful uncut banknote pack while I was traveling to Grand Palace of Thailand located at Bangkok back in May 2008. Unlike other uncut banknotes, this special sheet has its own characteristic where the front features the three different portraits of the His Majesty King of Thailand through his many years of ruling in the country. The back features the life story of His Majesty King of Thailand at various occasions. I must give credits to this banknote designer on his creativity in making such a wonderful uncut banknote. I share with you on the full description of this special uncut banknote as stated in its banknote pack.

This Thai uncut banknote sheet comes with a beautiful design cover

The uncut banknote sheet comprises 1-Baht, 5-Baht and 10-Baht denominations. The banknote paper, incorporated with mould-made three dimensional multi-tone water mark, depicts the constitution placed on traditional-style gilded tray in yellow circle, and the metallic security thread containing translucent micro-characters “80th Birthday Anniversary” in Thai characters, clearly visible when holding the banknote against the light. Under ultraviolet light, the alphabetical codes and serial numbers printed with special red ink turn into luminescing blue, the signatures of Minister of Finance and the Bank of Governor of Thailand printed with special black ink turn into luminescing yellowish-green and the Thai numerals printed with the invisible ink over the watermark turn into luminescing yellow. The security thread embedded in the paper also turns into luminescing yellow.

Each banknote is printed with Thai number and alphabetical code prefix to represent His majesty. The Arabic number and Roman alphabetical code prefix “9K”, followed by Thai or Arabic serial numbers 0000001-9999999, and “9R” followed by Thai or Arabic serial number 0000001-5000000.



The front features portrait of His Majesty King of Thailand

The main element on the front of each denomination is the portrait of His Majesty King Bhumibol Adulyadej. Other elements are the Royal Garuda Emblem and the Airapote elephant. Accompanying drawing of each denomination is the portrait of Their Majesties the King and Queen granting an audience to various groups of people who paid tribute to His Majesty on the occasion of his coronation in 1950 at the Sutthaisawan Prasat Hall, the portrait of His Majesty in a royal procession by land, marking his 3rd Cycle Birthday Anniversary in 1963, and the portrait of His Majesty granting an audience to various group of people who paid tribute to His Majesty on the Auspicious Occasion of the Sixtieth Anniversary Celebrations of His Majesty’s Accession to the Throne in 2006 at the Ananda Samakhom Throne Hall.

The back features the life story of His Majesty King of Thailand

The elements on the back of 1-Baht denomination are the portrait of His Majesty’s childhood, the portrait of Their Majesty the King Rama 8 and King Rama 9 on their return to Thailand in 1945, the portrait of His Majesty during his study in Switzerland, the Royal Emblem in Commemorative of the Celebrations on the Auspicious Occasion of His Majesty the King’s 80th Birthday Anniversary 5th December 2007, the Royal Garuda Emblem, and the Temple of the Emerald Buddha and the Grand Palace, and the Villa Vadhana in Switzerland.

The elements on the back of 5-Baht denomination are the portrait of Their Majesties on royal wedding day, the portrait of His Majesty in the coronation, and the ordination, the portrait of the Royal Family, the portrait of Their Majesties during their royal visit to foreign countries, the portrait of His Majesty in the Investiture of H.R.R. Crown Prince Maha Vajiralongkorn, the portrait of Their Majesties performing royal activities, the picture of a Royal Rainmaking Project’s plane, and the portrait of His Majesty playing the Saxophone and painting.

The elements on the back of 10-Baht denomination are the portrait of His Majesty in the Investiture of H.R.H. Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn, the portrait of His Majesty with H.R.H. the Princess Mother, the portrait of Their Majesties performing royal activities, the picture of Pak Phanang River Basin Development Project in Nakhon Si Thammarat, and the Chaipattana Aerator, and the portrait of His Majesty granting an audience to various group of people, who paid tribute to His Majesty on the Auspicious Occasion of the Sixtieth Anniversary Celebrations of His Majesty’s Accession to the Throne.


Banknote Specification

Dimension of 1 sheet : Width 229mm; Length 147mm
Number of Prints : 15,000,000
Date of Issue : 28 November 2007
Designed and Printed by : Note Printing Works, Bank of Thailand

Sunday, August 3, 2008

Malaya - Japanese Occupation Banknote

The Malaya Peninsula was completely occupied by the Japanese Government following the fall of Singapore on 15th February 1942. As a result of that, a Japanese Military Administration was set up and Malaya was renamed ‘Malai’.

During the occupation of Japanese Government, the Japanese introduced new currency as a replacement of those previously in use in the occupied territories of Malaya, North Borneo, Brunei and Singapore. This new currency used in Malaya and Singapore were issued at the par value with the existing British Malaya currency notes (Malayan dollar) and first entered circulation in 1942. The first series of Japanese occupation notes had serial numbers, but these were later omitted leaving the control letter "M", meaning Malaya.

The Japanese authorities simply printed more notes whenever they required it. This resulted in high inflation and a severe depreciation in value of these notes. Moreover, counterfeiting was rampant due to its lack of a serial number on their notes.

The Japanese occupation notes were also well known as Banana Notes. It was named as such because of the motifs of banana trees printed on 10 dollar banknotes.

1 Cent


5 CENTS


10 CENTS


50 CENTS



1 Dollar



5 Dollars


10 Dollars


100 Dollars


1000 Dollars