Wednesday, October 22, 2008

Japanese Invasion Banknotes of Indonesia

Netherland East Indies or Dutch East Indies was the Dutch colony which was later known as Indonesia after the World War II. During the occupation of Japanese military administration in March 1942, a new currency was introduced to replace the local currency - Dutch Gulden. 1 Dutch Gulden is divided into 100 Cent.

The first series of Japanese Invasion notes introduced in Dutch East Indies was similar in design with those issued in Malaya or Burma. These notes were bearing the letter "S" and they were printed in Dutch language. There were total seven notes issued in the denomination of 1 Cent, 5 Cents, 10 Cents, 1/2 Gulden, 1 Gulden, 5 Guldens and 10 Guldens.

The second series of Dutch East Indies' Japanese invasion note was released in 1944. As part of the Japanese strategy to keep control of the country and to promote the Asian nationalism, the local language version of Gulden - Roepiah was adopted in the later release notes. Concurrently, the Dutch wording "De Japansche Regeering" was replaced with local spelling "Pemerintah Dai Nippon". These notes were issued in 100 and 1000 Roepiah.

The third series consists of seven notes and they were printed with the wording "Dai Nippon Teikoku" means the "Empire of Greater Japan" or "大日本帝國". These notes were issued in 5 Cents, 10 Cents, 1/2 Roepiah, 1 Roepiah, 5 Roepiah, 10 Roepiah and 100 Roepiah. Unlike the previous released notes, this series of notes has blended local culture into the note's design. Personally, I think this series is more presentable and meaningful compare the others Japanese Invasion notes.

First Series of Dutch East Indies' Japanese Invasion Banknotes

1 Cent

5 Cents

10 Cents

1/2 Gulden

1 Gulden

5 Gulden

10 Gulden

Second Series of Dutch East Indies' Japanese Invasion Banknote

1000 Roepiah


Second Series of Dutch East Indies' Japanese Invasion Banknotes

1/2 Roepiah

1 Roepiah

5 Roepiah

10 Roepiah

100 Roepiah

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