Wednesday, October 1, 2008

Singapore - Portrait Series Banknote With Yusof Bin Ishak

Unlike the previous three series which adopted the Orchids, Birds and Ships as the Singapore currency theme, the fourth series of Singapore banknote has adopted a portrait series. This portrait series was first introduced on 9 September 1999 by Board of Commissioners of Currency Singapore (BCCS) whose later known as Monetary Authority of Singapore (MAS).

One of the main reasons that MAS did not inherit the usage of plants, animals or objects as the currency theme was mainly due to security features. Portraits are more effective security features for the protection of currency notes against counterfeiting and they are more easy to be recognised by public. Besides, portraits also provide an opportunity to honour national figures who have made valuable contributions to Singapore.

This fourth series features the portrait of Encik Yusof Bin Ishak, the first president of Singapore. There are seven denominations introduced in this series, namely $2, $5, $10, $50, $100, $1,000 and $10,000. The $1 and $500 from the previous Ship series were not carried forward. One of the major changes of this series compare to three previous series was that the watermark printed on the notes is no longer features a lion head, the national symbol for Singapore, instead, it was replaced by the portrait of the first president of Singapore. Another changes is that the Dollar sign '$' that used on the previous series has been removed from these notes.

2 Dollars

The front features the portrait of En. Yusof Bin Ishak, the first president of Singapore and the national coat of arms on the top left corner. The back features a group of pupils interacting with a teacher in a "Borderless Classroom". Three prominent institutions of learning are seen in the background. From the extreme right is the institutions are Victoria Bridge School, the old Raffles Institution at Bras Basah Road, and the College of Medicine.

5 Dollars

The front features the portrait of En. Yusof Bin Ishak, the first president of Singapore and the national coat of arms on the top left corner. The back features a dramatic Garden City landscape dominated by the portrayal of the old tembusu tree (Fagraea fragrans) which still stands in the grounds of the Singapore Botanic Gardens. The majestic tree of more than 200 years is characterised by its firm and towering presence. The tree bears small red berries and has white flowers that are exceptionally fragrant. The sturdy tree with its highly branched canopy, epitomises the spirit of Singapore - strong, resilient and continuously striving for progress.

10 Dollars

The front features the portrait of En. Yusof Bin Ishak, the first president of Singapore and the national coat of arms on the top left corner. The back features Singaporean five popular sports. It depicts a jogger, a tennis player and a soccer player on one side, representing the most favoured land sports in Singapore. On the other side, swimming and sailing are pictured representing water sports. These are illustrated against a vibrant general design to convey the sense of energy and ruggedness symbolising sporting activities in general.

50 Dollars

The front features the portrait of En. Yusof Bin Ishak, the first president of Singapore and the national coat of arms on the top left corner. The back features a mix of four ethnic musical instruments. The Chinese Pipa, Malay Kompang, Indian Veena and Classical Violin epitomise Singapore as a confluence of Chinese, Malay, Indian and Western cultures. The instruments are complemented by portions of two local artworks in the Singapore Art Museum, entitled "Gibbon" and "Drying Salted Fish". The works represent the development and achievements of artists in the country.

100 Dollars

The front features the portrait of En. Yusof Bin Ishak, the first president of Singapore and the national coat of arms on the top left corner. The back features the aspirations, ruggedness and community spirit of youths in Singapore. These are represented by three aspects of youth activities, namely Youth in Community Service, Youth in Action and Youth in Leadership Development. On the left of the design is a group of uniformed youths representing the Singapore Red Cross, St John's Ambulance Brigade and the National Police Cadet Corps.A National Service officer bearing a ceremonial sword stands against a backdrop of the magnificent tower of the SAFTI military institute. Situated in the centre of the design is a group of scouts engaged in an outdoor scouting activity.

No comments: